NewtonSir Isaac Newton was born on 4th January of 1643 and died in 1727. He became one of the greatest English mathematicians and phusians of all times. He also was involved in such researches as astronomy, alchemy, natural philosophy and theology. He published Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica in 1687 and it's still believed to be one of the most influential scientific books. For thosу times it was a real revolution. Newton described gravitation ad laws of motion in it and made a basis for modern engineering. He also removed last doubts about heliocentism.
What concerns mathematics, Newton developed differential and integral calculus, as well as Gottfried Leibniz. Newton also contributed in mechanics a lot - principles of conservation of momentum and angular momentum; optics and dynamics. Newton and Albert Einstein are considered to be the most influential scientists in all human history of mathematics.